Information as well on previous excavations , on the technology used by the Brown team, and on the conservation and preservation of the Great Temple. The staff of Brown University's excavations at the Great Temple. Details on sponsors and acknowledgements A list of the publications on the Great Temple.
The Petra Great Temple data sets include aerial photographs of the site by year, site plans of trenches excavated, ADAJ reports, catalog, coin catalog, architectural fragment and Grosso Modo databases, phasing charts of every trench and locus, architectural and artifact drawings, and trench reports. Petra is half-built, half-carved into the rock, and is surrounded by mountains riddled with passages and gorges. It is one of the world's most famous archaeological sites, where ancient Eastern traditions blend with Hellenistic architecture.
Petra wordt sinds de prehistorie bewoond. Petra is half gebouwd, half uitgehouwen uit de rotsen en wordt omringd door bergen vol passages en kloven. In het landschap met overheersend rode zandsteen, zijn de oude oosterse tradities samengesmolten met de Hellenistische architectuur. Petra is van uitzonderlijke waarde vanwege de enorme hoeveelheid graf- en tempelarchitectuur, religieuze plaatsen en de restanten van kanalen, tunnels en omleidingsdammen.
Situated between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea and inhabited since prehistoric times, the rock-cut capital city of the Nabateans, became during Hellenistic and Roman times a major caravan centre for the incense of Arabia, the silks of China and the spices of India, a crossroads between Arabia, Egypt and Syria-Phoenicia. An ingenious water management system allowed extensive settlement of an essentially arid area during the Nabataean, Roman and Byzantine periods. It is one of the world's richest and largest archaeological sites set in a dominating red sandstone landscape.
The Outstanding Universal Value of Petra resides in the vast extent of elaborate tomb and temple architecture; religious high places; the remnant channels, tunnels and diversion dams that combined with a vast network of cisterns and reservoirs which controlled and conserved seasonal rains, and the extensive archaeological remains including of copper mining, temples, churches and other public buildings.
The varied archaeological remains and architectural monuments from prehistoric times to the medieval periods bear exceptional testimony to the now lost civilisations which succeeded each other at the site.
They are masterpieces of a lost city that has fascinated visitors since the early 19th century. The entrance approach and the settlement itself were made possible by the creative genius of the extensive water distribution and storage system. Criterion iii : The serried rows of numerous rock-cut tombs reflecting architectural influences from the Assyrians through to monumental Hellenistic; the sacrificial and other religious high places including on Jebels Madbah, M'eisrah, Khubtha, Habis and Al Madras; the remains of the extensive water engineering system, city walls and freestanding temples; garden terraces; funerary stelae and inscriptions together with the outlying caravan staging posts on the approaches from the north Barid or Little Petra and south Sabra also containing tombs, temples, water cisterns and reservoirs are an outstanding testament to the now lost Nabataean civilization of the fourth century BC to the first century AD.
Remains of the Neolithic settlement at Beidha, the Iron Age settlement on Umm al Biyara, the Chalcolithic mining sites at Umm al Amad, the remains of Graeco-Roman civic planning including the colonnaded street, triple-arched entrance gate, theatre, Nymphaeum and baths; Byzantine remains including the triple-apses basilica church and the church created in the Urn Tomb; the remnant Crusader fortresses of Habis and Wueira; and the foundation of the mosque on Jebel Haroun, traditionally the burial place of the Prophet Aaron, all bear exceptional testimony to past civilizations in the Petra area.
Criterion iv : The architectural ensemble comprising the so-called "royal tombs" in Petra including the Khasneh, the Urn Tomb, the Palace Tomb and the Corinthian Tomb , and the Deir "monastery" demonstrate an outstanding fusion of Hellenistic architecture with Eastern tradition, marking a significant meeting of East and West at the turn of the first millennium of our era. The Umm al Amad copper mines and underground galleries are an outstanding example of mining structures dating from the fourth millennium BC.
The remnants of the diversion dam, Muthlim tunnel, water channels, aqueducts, reservoirs and cisterns are an outstanding example of water engineering dating from the first centuries BC to AD. The Monastery is larger than the Treasury and just as well preserved.
There is a small restaurant overlooking the Monastery, a great place to relax, grab a bite to eat or a cup of freshly squeezed pomegranate juice, while enjoying the view. How can you beat seeing the Treasury from the Siq or the Monastery after a hot, tiring, uphill hike? Once at the top of a small mountain, this was our view.
Now we were overlooking the Monastery and the nearby mountains. What do you think?
Is this the best view of Petra? Our hiking and climbing was not over yet. By now it was pm. We were tired but we had one last thing to see. This climb was a little shorter and a little easier than the path to the Monastery. Again, it was an uphill climb, this time the reward being a view over Petra from a different angle. And again it was worth it. We are suckers for a good viewpoint, and from the High Place of Sacrifice we could see far out across Jordan.
Tim also loves freaking me out, standing on the edge of drop off to have his photo taken. And usually this requires me to find an almost equally unsafe vantage point to shoot the photo. This time we both made this pic…Tim looking out over Petra and my shadow at the bottom of the photo.
Petra closes around 6 pm. At pm there were no park guards ushering people towards the exit. Still, most people made their way to the exit on their own. Tim and I took this opportunity to spend as much time as possible in front of the Treasury while tourists filtered out of the park. Wait long enough and you can get photos of the Treasury without anyone else in them.
And this is the advantage to spending the night in Wadi Musa…the chance to see Petra at sunset and sunrise. Technically, we did not get to see Petra at sunset. We were here in April and the sun set past the 6 pm closing time. Still, to have the Treasury almost to ourselves in the fading light was still a fantastic experience.
Date of experience: June In time, after the Roman annexation, the caravan trade petered out. Morning is nominated. Ali told us that archaeologists have identified more than tombs. Excavations begun in revealed several more temples and monuments that provide insight into the political, social, and religious traditions of the ancient city. On the Petra tour we offer a "camping" experience and it does not have the comforts of a hotel; the camp is simple, and for those not used to camping they have to approach it as
The park opens roughly at 6 am. Again, there is no discreet time. It seems to change depending on the season and the mood of the person working the main gate.
At am, Tim and I re-entered Petra. The sun was already rising, just because of the time of the year, but our early start gave us 20 wonderful minutes in front of the Treasury all to ourselves. It really was an awesome experience.
Of course we took more photos, but it was nice to grab a seat on one of the few picnic benches and just stare up at the Treasury. We missed this, unfortunately. Three nights a week Monday, Wednesday, and Thursday at the Siq and the area around the Treasury are lit by candles. Having a guide is strongly recommended.
Most people come here for the amazing views. This is the highest point in the area, giving hikers a view of Jordan, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Israel.
At a minimum, 24 hours is needed to see Petra. Staying overnight allows visitors to catch sunset and sunrise.
You will also be in Petra before and after the day trippers arrive. It is worth it to hike to the Monastery and the High Place of Sacrifice. We usually visit sites fast…we get in, see it, and get out. We are not ones to linger long. Petra was different. Do not underestimate how much there is to do here. Daytime temperatures are very pleasant.
The winter can be bitterly cold at night and chilly during the day. During the summer months it can be unbearably hot. For one day in Petra the ticket price is 90 JD.
https://flilleiperlu.cf For those staying overnight in a hotel, ticket prices are reduced: one day entry is 50 JD and two day entry is 55 JD. Children under 12 are free.
This is a three star hotel although it seemed nicer than that! It is the first hotel on your left as you exit the park, making it very convenient. In the hotel is a restaurant offering dinner and breakfast. This is a great place to end the day. We hired Desert Eco Tours to take us on a two day tour of Jordan.
Our tour started on a Friday morning with a border crossing from Eilat to Aqaba. From Aqaba, we were driven two hours north to Petra. Mohammad, our guide for the day, spent several hours with us, explaining the history behind Petra and he took us on the amazing hike that we never would have known about on our own.